ELT Activities


    The teacher will write a few sentences on the blackboard and put a wrong punctuation mark for these sentences, e.g.: 1.Who are you! 2. Ram is a good boy? Students who are aware of proper use of punctuation marks will say "CORRECTION, PLEASE!" Teacher will ask those students to put the right sign of punctuation on the sentence. CORRECT:  l. Who are you? 2. Ram is a good boy.


    The teacher will make flash cards of punctuation marks and distribute them among the students. Now the teacher will write some sentences on the black board. He/ she will instruct the students that the student with suitable punctuation mark flash card would shake his card by saying "AIR IS BLOWING", e.g.: This is my book (-) . Now, the teacher will ask the students on whose card the air is blowing. The student having right punctuation flash card will shake his card and speak loudly that "air is blowing." After this the student will paste the right punctuation mark on the sentence written on the blackboard.


    The teacher can prepare an attractive cardboard box and name it as Punctuation Pitara. Different Punctuation Marks will be drawn on different slips and placed in the Punctuation Pitara. Students will be made to sit in a circle. Punctuation pitara will be passed amongst students when clapping/ music starts. When clapping/music stops, the student who has got the Pitara will take a slip out of it and tell the name of the punctuation mark. After naming the punctuation mark, the student will have to frame a sentence for appropriate usage of that punctuation mark. The student who is unable to guess the punctuation mark or frame a correct sentence with its usage will be out of the game. Thus the game continues till the winner is declared.


    In this game, the teacher will ask the students to write a paragraph of eight lines in which all the punctuation marks are used. The paragraph should have proper cohesion and coherence. The student who is able to write the punctuated paragraph correctly will be the winner.


    The teacher divides the class into four groups like full stop, comma, exclamatory mark and question mark. Now the teacher assigns one of these punctuation marks to every student of the class. For assigning students to groups, Roll no 1, 5, 9 and so on can be assigned the group of full stop. Similarly Roll no 2, 6, 10 and so on can be assigned the group of comma. After this, the teacher makes flash cards with these punctuation marks and pastes them on the wall around the four comers. Now the music is played and the students are asked to run inside the room. When the music is stopped, the students are supposed to run and reach the comer to which they belong. The students who are unable to reach the correct comer in time will be out of the game.


    The teacher will divide the class into two groups. The students of one group will be asked to converse with each other over a given topic. Now the students will have to frame a paragraph without punctuation marks. When the paragraph is complete, the teacher will ask the students of both groups to punctuate their paragraph. The group that frames correct punctuated sentences earlier will be the winner.


    The teacher can organize a quiz referring to the proper usage of punctuation marks. The questions can be open ended /close ended! multiple choice questions/ fill in the blanks and instruction check questions, e.g.:

       1. Full stop or period (.) indicates - (a) the longest pause (b) the shortest pause (c) the

             exact words of the speaker.

       2. Interrogation mark (?) is used to mark


    The teacher will make seven flash cards consisting of seven punctuation marks. Then the teacher will ask seven children to come to the front of the class. One flash card will be tagged to each student. Now the teacher will ask other students of the class to recognize the punctuation marks tagged 'to each of the seven students and make two to three sentences associated with each punctuation mark. For example: For exclamation mark '!':  "Wow! What

    a wonderful day!"; "Hurray! We have won the match."

    The student speaking maximum correct sentences will be the winner.


    The teacher will divide the class into two groups and write ten unpunctuated sentences for each group. Then he/she will ask the students from both groups to draw and colour appropriate punctuation marks. These punctuation marks will be placed in front of accurate sentences by both groups. The group which draws and colours maximum correct punctuation marks in a given time will be the winner.


    ( For teaching Apostrophe)

    The teacher will ask the students to find any five students who have:

    (a) Curly hair (b) Blue bag (c) White hanky (d) Brown hair (e) Black Pen

    (The teacher can make use of this activity by touching some other objects.)

    The students will be asked turn-wise to find students with above mentioned things or

    qualities in one minute. The students will be given another one minute to make sentences like:- (a) Raju's eyes are brown. (b) Gita's hair is curly.

    The student, who finds all the five answers and explains correctly, will be the winner.


    The teacher will write 30-40 sentences (according to the number of students) each on a

    single slip. Sentences written should be of 5-6 types. e.g. Five sentence will be Interrogative, five will be Exclamatory, and so on. In this way there will be 6-7 sentences of each category, but there will be no Punctuation mark on any of these sentences written by the teacher. The teacher will distribute the slips among the students and tell them that they will have to find the other students who have the sentence of the same type and also each student will have to punctuate his/her sentence. The group with all the correct sentences will be the winner.


    The whole class will be divided into two groups. The teacher gives each group a different unpunctuated text. The students will be given ten minutes to read and punctuate the text. The teacher will draw two ladders on the blackboard. Each group will have to climb the ladder by putting one Punctuation mark in each step of the ladder, moving from bottom to top, as they appear in the text. One student from each group will come to the board and will put the first Punctuation mark that appears in the text. When the first student comes back, the next student will rush to the blackboard to put the next mark until the ladder is completed with all the steps filled with different Punctuation marks. The group that completes the ladder first will be the winner.